Why Space and Time Might Be an Illusion

This past fall, the world of physics celebrated the 100th anniversary of Albert Einstein’s general theory of relativity, which forms the foundation of our modern understanding of the force of gravity.

By Nerti U. Qatja@VOP Today – Source: Huffington Post


Einstein’s creation has been the ultimate antidote to a blasé, seen-it-all attitude that sometimes infects even scientists. It opened up a universe that never ceases to surprise — black holes, the big bang, dark energy, gravitational waves — jolting us out of the grooves of thought that we fall into all too easily.

Yet the ink was barely dry on the theory when Einstein saw a problem. It contradicted quantum mechanics, suggesting that physicists needed an even deeper theory to unify these two pillars of fundamental physics. In June 1916 Einstein wrote: “Quantum theory would have to modify not only Maxwellian electrodynamics but also the new theory of gravitation.” That was quite an insight when you consider that quantum theory didn’t even exist yet. It was still a nebulous idea that wouldn’t coalesce for another decade. So, we have been celebrating the centenary not only of Einstein’s theory, but also of the long slog to supersede it.

A theory of gravity is also a theory of space and time.”

Whereas general relativity took a single genius a decade to create, that deeper theory — known as a quantum theory of gravity — has flummoxed generations of geniuses for a century. In part, physicists are victims of their past successes: when you accomplish anything in life, you raise the bar, making it that much harder to take the next step. But quantum gravity also poses difficulties that are unique in the history of science. A theory of gravity is also a theory of space and time — that was Einstein’s great insight. Yet physicists have always formulated their theories within space and time.

So, a theory of gravity swallows its own tail. It supposes, for example, that the passage of time varies, but the word “varies” connotes a temporal process. If time is varying, then the very standard by which it is varying also varies. The whole situation threatens to become paradoxical. This conceptual circularity creates weird mathematical difficulties. For instance, the little ‘t’ that physicists use to denote time drops out of their equations, leaving them at a loss to explain change in the world. To describe what happens, physicists need to go beyond space and time. And what is that supposed to mean? Such an idea forces us into (literally) uncharted territory.

pillars of creation

String theory, loop quantum gravity, causal-set theory: these are just a few of the approaches that theorists have taken. Naturally, proponents of each are convinced the others are misguided or even downright unscientific. But when you take a step back from the dispute, you notice all agree on one essential lesson: the space-time that we inhabit is a construction. It is not fundamental to nature, but emerges from a deeper level of reality. In some way or other, it consists of primitive building blocks — “atoms” of space — and takes on its familiar properties from how those building blocks are assembled.

These “atoms” are clearly nothing like ordinary atoms such as hydrogen or oxygen. For one thing, they are not tiny, because the word “tiny” is a spatial description and these atoms are supposed to create space, not presuppose it. Yet many of the same principles apply. Water, for example, consists of H2O molecules. It can undergo a change of state — freezing or boiling — as those molecules rearrange themselves into new structures. The same might be true of space. If those atoms can assemble themselves into space, presumably they could also reassemble into other structures. And that might explain many of the mysteries of modern physics.

The ordinary laws of physics, operating within time, are inherently unable to explain the beginning of time.”

Consider black holes. If, God forbid, you fell into one, Einstein’s theory predicts your timeline would end. You would die, but that’d be the least of it. The atoms in your body would simply cease to be. Instead of ashes to ashes, you’d have ashes to … nothingness. The new emergent space-time theories suggest a different picture in which space undergoes a change of state in a black hole. The black hole does not have an interior volume; its perimeter marks where space melts. The result is a new state that is no longer spatial and is scarcely even imaginable in human terms. If you fell in, you would probably still die, but the atoms in your body would still carry on in some new form.

Consider, also, the big bang. Like black holes, it has always posed something of a paradox. The ordinary laws of physics, operating within time, are inherently unable to explain the beginning of time. According to those laws, something must precede the big bang to set it into motion. Yet nothing is supposed to precede it. A way out of the paradox is to think of the big bang not as the beginning but as a transition, when space crystallized from a primeval state of spacelessness.

sombrero galaxy

Finally, consider the mysterious phenomena of quantum nonlocality — what Einsteincalled “spooky action at a distance.” Two or more particles can act in a coordinated way, no matter how far apart they may be, and they do so without sending out a sound wave, beaming a radio signal or otherwise communicating across the gap that separates them. The particles behave as though they are not, in fact, separated. And one possible explanation is that the particles are rooted in the deeper level of reality where distance has no meaning.

To be sure, this is all still speculation — but it is constrained speculation. Scientists didn’t dream up these ideas over drinks after work. They were driven to them by combining the principles of Einstein’s theory and of quantum theory and seeing where the path takes them. By the very nature of research, we don’t know what these ideas mean or even if they’re right. But we do know that humans have not yet grasped all there is to grasp about the universe. And when we do take the next step, the effects will surely propagate into our broader culture. Just as learning something new makes you a better person, so too will learning something new about the universe propel humanity to the next level.

 

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Amazing Mind Blowing Optical illusions That Will MELT YOUR MIND

Optical illusions are something both wonderful and very confusing for our own entertainment.

BY NERTI U. QATJA@VOP_TODAY

This is mainly because it is startling to see how easily our brain can be tricked and manipulated into seeing things that aren’t really there as well as realizing how easy it is to create optical illusions.

Call it smoke and mirrors, or call it a trick of the eyes. But at the end of the day, it is our brain that makes the decisions on how to perceive the world around us.

So if you’re not in a good state mentally, you will see a distorted view of the world. But in all honesty, do we actually see the true image around us or are we not seeing the real world around us?

Do we even want to see the truth?

Because the first round was so successful and intriguing, here is our second visit to see the most amazing mind bending optical illusions.

These optical illusions prove how easily our minds can be manipulated and change based on what we see in a single image.

On the same note, it also has helped scientists and researchers learn more about how our brains work.

This has helped the medical field in making great strides in treatments for mental illnesses.

These optical illusions have also shown us how some of the experiences throughout history may be debunked with a simple trick of the eyes with a poorly angled line or a wrong colored shape on a box.

No More Fingers! ‘Brainprints’ to Be the Passwords of the Future

A team at Binghamton University found that each of us has a personal “brainprint” that can be detected with particular techniques. In an experiment reported in the journal IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security, the researchers, led by Dr Sarah Laszlo, explained how they selected 50 volunteers and showed them various images.

By Nerti U. Qatja@VOP_Today

These included photos of “a slice of pizza, a boat, Anne Hathaway, [and] the word ‘conundrum,’ ” the paper explains. As each subject looked at the images, an electroencephalogram (EEG) machine was picking up the way their brain behaved.

The scientists found that each participant’s brain reacted in a different and specific way to the images shown. Building on that, the researchers managed to developed an algorithm which was able to match every person with their “brainprint” with high accuracy.

According to Laszlo and her colleagues, “brainprints” could become the passwords of the future. One could first be plugged to the EEG machine to record his or her particular “brainprint” as they look at some specific image, effectively setting a “brain pin code.” Then, every time that person sees that given image again, another EEG machine would cross-reference its brainwaves with a vast database to confirm their identity beyond any doubt.

This sounds like it could be a long and cumbersome way of creating one’s password, but in fact the experiment showed that all that is needed to accurately pick up the “brainprint” are three electrodes applied to the scalp.

And the technique’s reliability trumps its shortcomings: it would be practically impossible to obtain a “brain password” surreptitiously. Even if it happened, though. it would be very easy to just reset it by looking at another image. This gives the “brainprint” an edge on the majority of alternative biometrics-based identification systems.

“If someone’s fingerprint is stolen, that person can’t just grow a new finger to replace the compromised fingerprint — the fingerprint for that person is compromised forever,” Laszlo said.

“Fingerprints are ‘non-cancelable.’ Brainprints, on the other hand, are potentially cancelable. So, in the unlikely event that attackers were actually able to steal a brainprint from an authorized user, the authorized user could then ‘reset’ their brainprint.”

While using the “brainprint” as a new way to lock and unlock our computers or smartphones the technology is still decidedly far away, and could initially be rolled out only for the highest-security facilities — like the Pentagon or the vault of a central bank.

‘TURN OFF your TV’ – The Best Speech You Ever Told

A scene from the film “Network” where Howard Beale explains people how the world of television is fake!

By Nerti U. Qatja@VOP_Today

I have no words to describe it, he just told all you need to know…

LIFE LESSONS TO LIVE LIFE WITH NO REGRETS. This Video Is The Best 5 Minutes You Will Spend Today

In this video, we will be looking at the 10 life lessons that we can learn from H Jackson Brown, author of ‘Life’s Little Instruction Book’. There are so many simple life lessons mentioned in that book that if anyone follows them, he or she will surely live a life which will have no regrets at the end of it!

By Nerti U. Qatja@VOP_Today


A very popular quote of Mr. Brown is “Twenty years from now you will be more disappointed by the things you didn’t do than by the ones you did do. So throw off the bowlines. Sail away from the safe harbor. Catch the trade winds in your sails. Explore. Dream. Discover.”

So, here are 10 lessons that are very useful, inspirational & relevant to all of us.

Lesson 1: Never give up when you truly believe! The person with big dreams is more powerful than the one with all the facts.

It is so true, as you too would have experienced in your life! Nothing beats a man or a woman driven by passion. There can be intelligent people around who have all the facts as to why something can or cannot work. But there is none to beat someone with passion. The passionate doesn’t care if his or her dream has been achieved or not before. They are the only ones with a purpose in life.

Lesson 2: Never laugh at someone’s dreams.

A mistake you should never ever do! If something has not been achieved, there is no way for anyone to say whether it is achievable or not in the future. Most of the stuff we use today in daily life, all the technology stuff and gadgets, a few years ago people would have laughed them off. But today they are not only real but have also become indispensable for all of us including those who would have laughed at the idea when it was first conceived.

Lesson 3: Find a job you like and you add five days to every week.

If you are passionate about your work, work never feels like work. You enjoy your work. Doing what you love is the best way to live a fulfilling life!
Lesson 4: Every so often, let your spirit of adventure triumph over your good sense.
Unless you don’t make mistakes, you are never going to learn new things.

Those who have not done mistakes have hardly done anything. So be adventurous, take risks. What’s the worst that will happen? You may make a mistake but you will also learn something new that can be a foundation for doing something great!

Lesson 5: Be the first to say “hello”.

Let not ego come in between and be the first to spread warmth, friendship and positive energy.

Lesson 6: Give people a second chance but not a third.

Everyone makes mistakes and everyone deserves a second chance. So, it is important to be nice but at the same time, we should not be stupid to keep feeding the mistakes of those who simply don’t want to learn from the past.

Lesson 7: Win without boasting and lose without excuses.

There are so many things that have to come together to achieve success. If you have succeeded in something, then it’s quite possible that certain events and certain people have made a positive contribution to that success. So, don’t take all the credit and boast about the success. Success is sweet when you can share it with many others. In the same vein, if you have made a mistake, accept it and move on. It is a hard lesson but a lesson which will help in making good judgment the next time. So, accept failure without giving an excuse.

Lesson 8: It’s not your job to get people to like you; it’s your job to like people.

You are in control of your feelings and emotions. Don’t carry the baggage of hatred and dislike. It will wear you down and that extra weight will make your back hunched. Like people but don’t expect everyone else to like you. You are not in control of other’s emotions and feelings. Leave the other’s feelings to the others.

Lesson 9: Fight fairly, Give generously, Laugh loudly, Love deeply.

Truly Golden words!

Lesson 10: Become someone’s hero.

In your journey to success, you would have looked up to someone and someone surely would have inspired you. If you ever get an opportunity to be someone’s mentor in your later life, consider it a privilege and be happy to be a part of somebody else’s success.

So, these my friends are some of the life lessons from Mr. Brown. We hope these lessons change the way you look at life in a very positive way.

If you like to learn positive and inspiring stuff from great men and women of this world, please be sure to subscribe to this channel as we will be uploading regular videos under the inspirational series that shares the best positive thoughts and stories from around the world. So, subscribe and hit the like button if you liked the video. Share it with your friends; it might brighten up someone’s day!

Reality Doesn’t Exist If You Are Not Looking at It – New Mind-blowing Experiment Confirmed

In the world of quantum physics, there is a well-known theory that states that particle’s behavior tends to change depending on whether or not there is an observer.  It pretty much suggests that this reality is a kind of illusion that only exists when we are looking at it.  There have been a numerous different quantum experiments that have been conducted in the past that also showed that this may indeed be the case.

By Nerti U. Qatja@VOP_Today – Source: The Mind Unleashed


In the world of quantum physics, there is a well-known theory that states that particle’s behavior tends to change depending on whether or not there is an observer. It pretty much suggests that this reality is a kind of illusion that only exists when we are looking at it. There have been a numerous different quantum experiments that have been conducted in the past that also showed that this may indeed be the case.

Some electron and photon particles can actually behave both as particles and waves. Yet that tends to raise the question of what exactly makes an electron or a photon act as either a wave or a particle? That is the question asked that brought about the Wheeler’s experiment.

The Austrailian scientists’ results, which were published by the journal Nature Physics, showed evidence that the choice is highly determined by the way the object is measured, which goes side by side in accordance with what quantum theory predicts.

press release, the lead researcher Dr. Andew Truscott said,

It proves that measurement is everything. At the quantum level, reality does not exist if you are not looking at it.

What exactly was the experiment?

In the original version of John Wheeler’s experiment that was proposed back in 1978 involved different light beams that were bounced by mirrors.  It was a difficult experiment to implement and get any conclusive results due to the level of technology that the scientists had access to back then.  Now with our new technology, it has become highly possible to successfully recreate this experiment by the use of helium atoms that have been scattered by laser light.

Dr. Truscott and his team were able to force a hundred different helium atoms into a state of matter that they called Bose-Einstein condensate.  Once they were able to get to this stage, they then ejected all of the atoms until there was, but one left.

The researchers were then able to use a pair of laser beams to create a type of grating pattern, which would then scatter an atom that passed through the beam exactly how a solid grating scatters light.  With this, the atom would either act as a way that would then pass through both lasers or act as a particle and pass through one beam.

A second grating, thanks to a random number generator was then randomly added in order to be able to recombine the paths.  Yet this could only be done after the atom had already passed the first gate.

As a result of this experiment and the addition of the second grating, caused an interference in the measurement, showing that the atom had then traveled down both paths, thus it behaved like a wave.  The same experiment, which did not include the second grating, produced results that there was no interference and the atom simply appeared to have traveled only one path.

What do these results mean?

Well when the second grating was added into the experiment only after the atom add passed through the first gate, it would have been reasonable to suggest that the atom had not yet ‘decided’ whether it was going to be a wave or particle before the second measurement was taken.

According to the work of Dr. Truscott, there may be two possible interpretations of these new results.  Either the atom has ‘decided’ how to behave based on the measurement or a future measurement affected the photon’s past.  He went on to say that,

The atoms did not travel from A to B. It was only when they were measured at the end of the journey that their wave-like or particle-like behavior was brought into existence.